PG Park, JH Seo, NW Kong
Signal Processing 98, 135-142
Abstract In this paper, we propose a variable matrix-type step-size affine projection algorithm (APA) with orthogonalized input vectors. We generate orthogonalized input vectors using the Gram–Schmidt process to implement the weight update equation of the APA using the sum of normalized least mean squares (NLMS)-like updating equations. This method allows us to use individual step sizes corresponding to each NLMS-like equation, which is equivalent to adopting the step size in the form of a diagonal matrix in the APA. We adopt a variable step-size scheme, in which the individual step sizes are determined to minimize the mean square deviation of the APA in order to achieve the fastest convergence on every iteration. Furthermore, because of the weight vector updated successively only along each innovative one among the reused inputs and effect of the regularization absorbed into the derived step size, the algorithm works well even for badly excited input signals. Experimental results show that our proposed algorithm has almost optimal performance in terms of convergence rate and steady-state estimation error, and these results are remarkable especially for badly excited input signals.